A 1-mm-diameter all-light atom guide capable of transporting ultracold atoms tens of centimeters with high efficiency is described. We made the atom tunnel, a dark hollow beam that is blue detuned from resonance, by passing a few tens of milliwatts of energy from a TEM<sub>00</sub> diode laser beam through an optical sequence composed of three axicons and a simple lens. We demonstrate transport of 10<sup>8</sup>Cs atoms approximately 20 cm with minimal heating. We show that it is possible for one to control the direction and speed of the atoms in the tunnel by varying the detuning of the tunnel beam.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Y. Song, D. Milam, and W. T. Hill III, "Long, narrow all-light atom guide," Opt. Lett. 24, 1805-1807 (1999)