We show that homogeneous polymer blend microparticles can be prepared <i>in situ</i> from droplets of dilute solution of codissolved polymers. Provided that the droplet of solution is small enough (<10 μm), solvent evaporation is rapid enough to inhibit phase separation. Thus the polymers that are being mixed need not be miscible, which greatly enhances the applicability of the technique. From analysis of two-dimensional Fraunhofer diffraction (angular scattering) patterns, we show that both the real and the imaginary parts of the refractive index can be tuned by adjustment of the relative weight fractions of polymers in solution.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
M. D. Barnes, C.-Y. Kung, N. Lermer, K. Fukui, B. G. Sumpter, D. W. Noid, and J. U. Otaigbe, "Homogeneous polymer blend microparticles with a tunable refractive index," Opt. Lett. 24, 121-123 (1999)