OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 25, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2000
  • pp: 975–977

Characterization of a polymer microlens fabricated by use of the hydrophobic effect

Daniel M. Hartmann, Osman Kibar, and Sadik C. Esener  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 25, Issue 13, pp. 975-977 (2000)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (208 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report a means of fabricating hydrophilic domains in a hydrophobic background by lithographically patterning an adhesive hydrophobic layer. Polymer microlenses were fabricated on these substrates by use of a dip-coating technique. Various lens shapes (circular, elliptical, square) were fabricated on a variety of substrates (SiO2, SiN, GaAs, InP, etc.), ranging in size from 2 to 500 µm in diameter, with fill factors of up to 90%. Plano–convex and double-convex lenses were fabricated, with f-numbers as low as 1.38 and 1.2, respectively. Optimum lens surfaces deviated from spherical by just ±5 nm . The lenses are stable at room temperature and exhibit minimal degradation after 24 h at 105 °C. The transfer of these polymer lenses to an underlying substrate was also demonstrated.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(220.3620) Optical design and fabrication : Lens system design
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication

Daniel M. Hartmann, Osman Kibar, and Sadik C. Esener, "Characterization of a polymer microlens fabricated by use of the hydrophobic effect," Opt. Lett. 25, 975-977 (2000)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. W. R. Cox, D. J. Hayes, T. Chen, and D. W. Ussery, Proc. SPIE 2383, 110 (1995).
  2. M. Kurner and S. Kurner, Micro-optics and Lithography (VUB, Brussels, 1997), pp. 81–118.
  3. S. Sinzinger and J. Jahns, Microoptics (Wiley, New York, 1999), Chap. 4, pp. 85–104.
  4. E. Kim and G. M. Whitesides, Chem. Mater. 7, 1257 (1995).
  5. J. L. Wilbur, A. Kurmar, H. Biebuyck, E. Kim, and G. M. Whitesides, Nanotechnology 7, 452 (1996).
  6. H. Biebuyck and G. M. Whitesides, Langmuir 10, 2790 (1994).
  7. S. Amai, Japanese patent 04261501 A2 920917.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited