A simple technique for fabrication of nonlinear gratings in polymer films, based on simultaneous embossing and poling, is proposed and demonstrated. A master grating consisting of a metal electrode with a dielectric die was fabricated and used for repeated embossing of the grating structures into nonlinear optical polymers at elevated temperatures. At the same time, we applied high voltage to the polymer films to induce second-order nonlinearity. The grating profile and the nonlinearity were estimated, as well as the mass productivity of nonlinear gratings.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(310.1860) Thin films : Deposition and fabrication
(310.3840) Thin films : Materials and process characterization
Okihiro Sugihara, Makoto Nakanishi, Hisashi Fujimura, Chikara Egami, and Naomichi Okamoto, "Simultaneous process of embossing and poling at elevated temperatures: a simple technique for nonlinear grating formation in polymer films," Opt. Lett. 25, 1028-1030 (2000)