OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 25, Iss. 15 — Aug. 1, 2000
  • pp: 1113–1115

Observation of two-dimensional multimode solitons

Tal Carmon, Charalambos Anastassiou, Song Lan, Detlef Kip, Ziad H. Musslimani, Mordechai Segev, and Demetrios Christodoulides  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 25, Issue 15, pp. 1113-1115 (2000)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (626 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present the first experimental observation of (2+1) -dimensional multimode (composite) solitons. A single-hump component and a double-hump (dipole-type) component are jointly self-trapped as a composite soliton in a biased photorefractive crystal.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.5940) Nonlinear optics : Self-action effects

Tal Carmon, Charalambos Anastassiou, Song Lan, Detlef Kip, Ziad H. Musslimani, Mordechai Segev, and Demetrios Christodoulides, "Observation of two-dimensional multimode solitons," Opt. Lett. 25, 1113-1115 (2000)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. A. W. Snyder, D. J. Mitchell, L. Poladian, and F. Landouceur, Opt. Lett. 16, 21 (1991); A. W. Snyder, D. J. Mitchell, and Y. S. Kivshar, Mod. Phys. Lett. B 9, 1479 (1995).
  2. For a recent review of optical spatial solitons, see G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
  3. M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3091 (1997).
  4. In Kerr materials, and under special conditions, this can lead to Manakov solitons; see J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3699 (1996).
  5. In saturable nonlinearities (such as photorefractives), this gives Manakov-like solitons; see Z. Chen, M. Segev, T. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 21, 1436 (1996).
  6. D. N. Christodoulides and R. I. Joseph, Opt. Lett. 13, 53 (1988); M. V. Tratnik and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 2001 (1988) ; M. Haelterman, A. P. Sheppard, and A. W. Snyder, Opt. Lett.OPLEDP 18, 1406 (1993).
  7. A. W. Snyder, S. J. Hewlett, and D. J. Mitchell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1012 (1994).
  8. M. Mitchell, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4657 (1998).
  9. E. A. Ostrovskaya, Y. S. Kivshar, D. V. Skryabin, and W. J. Firth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 296 (1999).
  10. Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1164 (2000) ; Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 25, 61 (2000) ; J. N. Malmberg, A. H. Carlsson, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, E. Ostrovskaya, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 25, 643 (2000).
  11. J. J. Garcia-Ripoll, V. M. Perez-Garcia, E. A. Ostrovskaya, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Dipole mode vector solitons,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.
  12. W. Krolikowski, N. Akhmediev, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. E 59, 4654 (1999).
  13. S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 13, 871 (1988); M. Shalaby and A. J. Barthelemy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2736 (1992).
  14. D. N. Christodoulides, S. R. Singh, M. I. Carvalho, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1763 (1996).
  15. C. Anastassiou, M. Segev, K. Steiglitz, J. A. Giordmaine, M. Mitchell, M. Shih, S. Lan, and J. Martin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2332 (1999).
  16. M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995) ; M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
  17. M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994) ; D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628 (1995); M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. BJOBPDE 13, 706 (1996).
  18. D. Kip, C. Anastassiou, E. Eugenevia, D. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CTuJ3.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited