A Doppler lidar system based on the molecular double-edge technique is described. The system is mounted in a modified van to permit deployment in field operations. The lidar operates with a tripled Nd:YAG laser at 355 nm, a 45-cm-aperture telescope, and a matching azimuth-over-elevation scanner to permit full sky access. Validated atmospheric wind profiles were measured from 1.8 to 35 km with a 178-m vertical resolution. The range-dependent rms deviation of the horizontal wind speed is 0.4–6 m/s. The measured wind speed and direction are in good agreement with the rawinsonde wind measurements made simultaneously from the same location.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(010.7030) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Troposphere
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
Bruce M. Gentry, Huailin Chen, and Steven X. Li, "Wind measurements with 355-nm molecular Doppler lidar," Opt. Lett. 25, 1231-1233 (2000)