We report the observation of second-harmonic generation by type I quasi phase matching in a GaAs–AlAs superlattice waveguide. Quasi phase matching was achieved through modulation of the nonlinear coefficient χ<sup>(2)</sup><sub>zxy</sub>, which we realized by periodically tuning the superlattice bandgap. Second-harmonic generation was demonstrated for fundamental wavelengths from 1480 to 1520 nm, from the third-order gratings with periods from 10.5 to 12.4µm . The second-harmonic signal spectra demonstrated narrowing owing to the finite bandwidth of the quasi-phase-matching grating. An average power of ∼110 nW was obtained for the second harmonic by use of an average launched pump power of ≲2.3mW .
© 2000 Optical Society of America
A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Quasi phase matching in GaAs--AlAs superlattice waveguides through bandgap tuning by use of quantum-well intermixing," Opt. Lett. 25, 1370-1372 (2000)