A new wave-front sensor for adaptive optics that gives signals for the curvature and the two gradient components of the wave front simultaneously is proposed. The sensor uses quad cells placed at the foci of an array of astigmatic lenslets, giving three intensity-normalized differential signals. The parameters of a single subdetector are optimized to maximize the curvature signal. The performance of such a sensor designed for a membrane curvature mirror is analyzed. The good match between sensor and mirror is exhibited by an almost diagonal response matrix between the mirror actuator controls and the curvature signals.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
C. Paterson and J. C. Dainty, "Hybrid curvature and gradient wave-front sensor," Opt. Lett. 25, 1687-1689 (2000)