OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 26, Iss. 21 — Nov. 1, 2001
  • pp: 1699–1701

Theoretical upper limits and experimental overestimates for molecular hyperpolarizabilities: a symbiosis

Koen Clays  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 26, Issue 21, pp. 1699-1701 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (83 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A recently developed theory concerning the physical limits on optical hyperpolarizabilities is shown to be useful in the theoretical prediction of contributions of multiphoton fluorescence to experimentally determined hyperpolarizability values. Recent experimental results are compared with the theoretical limit. Without correction for the fluorescence contribution, results for the first hyperpolarizability in the forbidden region can be obtained. Proper correction of the systematic error shifts these values to the theoretical limit. Hence, experimental values above the theoretical upper limit should be suspect, but an appropriate fluorescence suppression technique is available. Reversing the argument, the observation that artificially overestimated values for the first hyperpolarizability are reduced from the forbidden region to exactly this upper limit is found to corroborate the limiting theory.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.0160) Materials : Materials
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials

Koen Clays, "Theoretical upper limits and experimental overestimates for molecular hyperpolarizabilities: a symbiosis," Opt. Lett. 26, 1699-1701 (2001)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 25, 1183 (2000).
  2. M. G. Kuzyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1218 (2000).
  3. K. Clays and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2980 (1991).
  4. K. Clays and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 3285 (1992).
  5. K. Clays, A. Persoons, and L. De Maeyer, in Modern Nonlinear Optics, M. Evans and S. Kielich, eds., Vol. 85 of Advances in Chemical Physics (Wiley, New York, 1994), Part 3, p. 455.
  6. M. C. Flipse, R. de Jonge, R. H. Woudenberg, A. W. Marsman, C. A. van Walree, and L. W. Jenneskens, Chem. Phys. Lett. 245, 297 (1995).
  7. G. Olbrechts, R. Strobbe, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2233 (1998).
  8. G. Olbrechts, K. Wostyn, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Opt. Lett. 24, 403 (1999).
  9. G. Olbrechts, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1867 (2000).
  10. K. Clays, G. Olbrechts, T. Munters, A. Persoons, O.-K. Kim, and L.-S. Choi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 293, 337 (1998).
  11. G. Olbrechts, K. Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoons, S. H. Kang, and K. Kim, Chem. Phys. Lett. 308, 173 (1999).
  12. K. Clays, K. Wostyn, G. Olbrechts, A. Persoons, A. Watanabe, K. Nogi, X.-M. Duan, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, H. Nakanishi, D. Beljonne, H. Vogel, and J.-L. Brédas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 256 (2000).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited