A systematic analysis of interference of three noncoplanar plane waves with identical frequency is provided. This analysis shows that a fiber bundle with spacing of the order of the wavelength, which one may conveniently control by changing the recording geometry, can be formed by this means. The relation between the incident light-wave vectors and the resultant pattern is analyzed. The concept of uniform contrast for an interference pattern is introduced, and the polarization optimization approach for each beam that ensures maximum uniform contrast for each beam is also given.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
L. Z. Cai, X. L. Yang, and Y. R. Wang, "Formation of a microfiber bundle by interference of three noncoplanar beams," Opt. Lett. 26, 1858-1860 (2001)