Calcium ions are laser cooled in a Paul trap by use of a grating-stabilized UV laser diode. Unusual quantum jumps or fluctuations in the fluorescence signal are observed without application of any shelving lasers. It has become clear that such phenomena can be ascribed to shelving transitions induced by background 393-nm spontaneous photons emitted from the laser medium. Shelving transitions are suppressed by use of an interference filter, and the ions are successfully cooled to crystallization temperature with sufficient reproducibility.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
K. Toyoda, A. Miura, S. Urabe, K. Hayasaka, and M. Watanabe, "Laser cooling of calcium ions by use of ultraviolet laser diodes: significant induction of electron-shelving transitions," Opt. Lett. 26, 1897-1899 (2001)