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Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 26, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2001
  • pp: 325–327

Arbitrary-lattice photonic crystals created by multiphoton microfabrication

Hong-Bo Sun, Ying Xu, Saulius Juodkazis, Kai Sun, Mitsuru Watanabe, Shigeki Matsuo, Hiroaki Misawa, and Junji Nishii  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 26, Issue 6, pp. 325-327 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.26.000325


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Abstract

We used voxels of an intensely modified refractive index generated by multiphoton absorption at the focus of femtosecond laser pulses in Ge-doped silica as photonic atoms to build photonic lattices. The voxels were spatially organized in the same way as atoms arrayed in actual crystals, and a Bragg-like diffraction from the photonic atoms was evidenced by a photonic bandgap (PBG) effect. Postfabrication annealing was found to be essential for reducing random scattering and therefore enhancing PBG. This technique has an intrinsic capability of individually addressing single atoms. Therefore the introduction of defect structures was much facilitated, making the technique quite appealing for photonic research and applications.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.6030) Materials : Silica
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices

Citation
Hong-Bo Sun, Ying Xu, Saulius Juodkazis, Kai Sun, Mitsuru Watanabe, Shigeki Matsuo, Hiroaki Misawa, and Junji Nishii, "Arbitrary-lattice photonic crystals created by multiphoton microfabrication," Opt. Lett. 26, 325-327 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-26-6-325


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