We report an experimental observation of third-order nonlinear absorption by quantum interference in <sup>87</sup>Rb atoms cooled and confined in a magneto-optic trap. A coupling laser creates electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in a multilevel Rb system in which the third-order nonlinear absorption is enhanced by constructive quantum interference while the linear absorption is inhibited by destructive interference. Our experiment demonstrates the EIT system proposed by Harris and Yamamoto [Phys. Rev. Lett. <b>81,</b> 3611 (1998)], which absorbs two photons but not one photon in the dressed-state picture.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
Min Yan, Edward G. Rickey, and Yifu Zhu, "Nonlinear absorption by quantum interference in cold atoms," Opt. Lett. 26, 548-550 (2001)