OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 10 — May. 15, 2002
  • pp: 854–856

Real-time spectral imaging in three spatial dimensions

Wenhai Liu*, Demetri Psaltis, and George Barbastathis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 27, Issue 10, pp. 854-856 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (389 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report what is to our knowledge the first volume-holographic optical imaging instrument with the capability to return three-dimensional spatial as well as spectral information about semitranslucent microscopic objects in a single measurement. The four-dimensional volume-holographic microscope is characterized theoretically and experimentally by use of fluorescent microspheres as objects.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.1970) Holography : Diffractive optics
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(100.6890) Image processing : Three-dimensional image processing
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems

Wenhai Liu*, Demetri Psaltis, and George Barbastathis, "Real-time spectral imaging in three spatial dimensions," Opt. Lett. 27, 854-856 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. M. Minsky, “Microscopy apparatus,” U.S. patent 3, 013, 467 (December 19, 1961).
  2. T. Wilson, Confocal Microscopy (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).
  3. J. K. Stevens, L. R. Mills, and J. E. Trogadis, eds., Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy: Volume Investigation of Biological Systems (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994).
  4. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hen, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
  5. U. Morgner, W. Drexler, F. X. Kartner, X. D. Li, C. Pitris, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 25, 111 (2000).
  6. W. H. Carter and E. Wolf, Opt. Acta 28, 227 (1981).
  7. K. Itoh and Y. Ohtsuka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 94 (1986).
  8. J. Rosen and A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 2091 (1996).
  9. D. L. Marks, R. A. Stack, D. J. Brady, D. C. Munson, Jr., and R. B. Brady, Science 284, 2164 (1999).
  10. G. Barbastathis and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 21, 429 (1996).
  11. G. Barbastathis, M. Balberg, and D. J. Brady, Opt. Lett. 24, 811 (1999).
  12. G. Barbastathis and D. J. Brady, Proc. IEEE 87, 2098 (1999).
  13. H. Lee, X.-G. Gu, and D. Psaltis, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 2191 (1989).
  14. D. Psaltis, F. Mok, and H. Y.-S. Li, Opt. Lett. 19, 210 (1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited