The interference of four noncoplanar beams (IFNB) is analyzed. It is shown that all 14 Bravais lattices can be formed by a holographic method of IFNB. The relationship among the three basis vectors of the lattice that are to be produced, the required wavelength, and the geometric arrangement of the four beams is derived. This analysis may lay the foundation for fabrication of three-dimensional photonic crystals by holographic lithography.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
L. Z. Cai, X. L. Yang, and Y. R. Wang, "All fourteen Bravais lattices can be formed by interference of four noncoplanar beams," Opt. Lett. 27, 900-902 (2002)