OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2002
  • pp: 1111–1113

Ion-implanted Nd:YVO4 planar waveguide: refractive-index characterization and propagation mode reduction

Feng Chen, Xue-Lin Wang, Ke-Ming Wang, Qing-Ming Lu, and Ding-Yu Shen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 27, Issue 13, pp. 1111-1113 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (80 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report for what is believed to be the first time planar waveguide formation and propagation mode reduction in Nd:YVO4 crystal, which were achieved by 3.0-MeV silicon-ion implantation followed by annealing under specific conditions. After the implantation, an enhanced refractive-index region was formed with a width of ~2µm beneath the sample surface to act as a waveguide structure. We found that there were four propagation modes for the as-implanted Nd:YVO4 waveguide, whereas after annealing at 240–360°C for several hours the number of modes could be reduced to three, two, and one. After annealing at 400°C for 1 h the monomode waveguide was destroyed completely, and no mode was observed in the sample.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3380) Materials : Laser materials
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(230.7390) Optical devices : Waveguides, planar

Feng Chen, Xue-Lin Wang, Ke-Ming Wang, Qing-Ming Lu, and Ding-Yu Shen, "Ion-implanted Nd:YVO4 planar waveguide: refractive-index characterization and propagation mode reduction," Opt. Lett. 27, 1111-1113 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. D. Barbier and R. L. Hyde, in Integrated Optical Circuits and Components: Design and Applications, E. J. Murphy, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1999), Chap. 5, p. 89.
  2. P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, and L. Zhang, Optical Effects of Ion Implantation (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1994).
  3. Ch. Buchal, Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 166–167, 743 (2000).
  4. P. D. Townsend, Vacuum 51, 301 (1998).
  5. F. Chen, H. Hu, K. M. Wang, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, F. X. Wang, Z. X. Cheng, H. C. Chen, and D. Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 200, 179 (2001).
  6. H. Hu, F. Lu, F. Chen, B. R. Shi, K. M. Wang, and D.-Y. Shen, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5224 (2001).
  7. J. Gazecki, J. M. Kubica, M. Zamora, G. K. Reeves, C. M. Johnson, and M. C. Ridgeway, Thin Solid Films 340, 233 (1999).
  8. A. Agnesi, C. Pennacchio, and V. Kubecek, Opt. Lett. 21, 1645 (1997).
  9. A. Agnesi, G. C. Reali, and P. G. Gobbi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1297 (1998).
  10. G. Q. Gu, F. Zhou, G. Zhang, and M. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 34, 564 (1998).
  11. C. C. Davis, Lasers and Electro-Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1996).
  12. P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, Opt. Acta 33, 127 (1986).
  13. J. Rams, J. Olivares, P. J. Chandler, and P. D. Townsend, J. Appl. Lett. 87, 3199 (2000).
  14. J. F. Ziegler, J. P. Biesack, and U. Littmark, Stopping and Ranges of Ions in Matter (Pergamon, New York, 1985).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited