The optical properties of VO2 nanoparticles formed in an amorphous SiO2 host by stoichiometric ion implantation of vanadium and oxygen and thermal annealing have been determined and correlated with the particle size and morphology. The results show that that the temperature-controlled semiconductor-to-metal phase transition of the VO2 nanophase precipitates turns on the classical surface plasmon resonance, with specific features that depend on the size and aspect ratio of the VO2 particles. This effect improves the optical contrast between the metallic and semiconducting states in the near-IR region of the spectrum as a result of dielectric confinement that is due to the SiO2 host. A fiber-optic application is demonstrated, as is the ability to control the characteristics of the phase transition by using ion implantation to dope the VO2 nanoparticles with tungsten or titanium ions.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
(060.2290) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber materials
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors
(160.6840) Materials : Thermo-optical materials
(350.4990) Other areas of optics : Particles
R. Lopez, T. E. Haynes, L. A. Boatner, L. C. Feldman, and R. F. Haglund, Jr., "Temperature-controlled surface plasmon resonance in VO 2 nanorods," Opt. Lett. 27, 1327-1329 (2002)