We introduce a fiber ring optical resonator based on adiabatic fused-fiber grating couplers. The coupling of a through fiber to the resonator is controlled by the strength of the fiber Bragg gratings. By using two of these couplers and incorporating erbium-doped (ED) fiber in the ring, we control the internal loss of the ring by pumping the ED fiber. The transmission spectra of the through port and the drop port of a four-port configuration, a ring coupled to two waveguides, are measured. We show that the loss/coupling ratio of the ring-fiber system can be changed and thus that the transmission properties of the fiber can be controlled.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
John M. Choi, Reginald K. Lee, and Amnon Yariv, "Ring fiber resonators based on fused-fiber grating add-drop filters:application to resonator coupling," Opt. Lett. 27, 1598-1600 (2002)