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Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 18 — Sep. 15, 2002
  • pp: 1601–1603

High-efficiency coupling structure for a single-line-defect photonic-crystal waveguide

Dennis W. Prather, Janusz Murakowski, Shouyuan Shi, Sriram Venkataraman, Ahmed Sharkawy, Caihua Chen, and David Pustai  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 27, Issue 18, pp. 1601-1603 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.27.001601


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Abstract

We present the design and fabrication of a planar structure for coupling light from a multimode feed waveguide into a single-line-defect photonic-crystal waveguide. Finite-difference time-domain calculations predict a coupling efficiency of greater than 90%, and preliminary experimental results indicate successful coupling through a single-line-defect photonic-crystal waveguide. Device design, fabrication, and characterization are presented.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.1750) Integrated optics : Components
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(230.7390) Optical devices : Waveguides, planar

Citation
Dennis W. Prather, Janusz Murakowski, Shouyuan Shi, Sriram Venkataraman, Ahmed Sharkawy, Caihua Chen, and David Pustai, "High-efficiency coupling structure for a single-line-defect photonic-crystal waveguide," Opt. Lett. 27, 1601-1603 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-27-18-1601


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References

  1. E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
  2. S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
  3. D. W. Prather, A. Sharkawy, and S. Shi, “Theory and applications of photonic crystals,” in Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., to be published).
  4. M. Tokushima, H. Kosaka, A. Tomita, and H. Yamada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 952 (2000).
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  6. A. Taflove, Computational Electromagnetics: The Finite-Difference Time Domain Method (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1995).
  7. R. Hunsperger, Integrated Optics: Theory and Technology, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).
  8. Clearly, if we excite in the feed waveguide a mode other than the plane wave for which the J-coupler has been designed, the coupling efficiency will be compromised.
  9. J. P. Berenger, J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 (1994).

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