We describe a phase-resolved functional optical coherence tomography system that can simultaneously yield<i>in situ</i> images of tissue structure, blood flow velocity, standard deviation, birefringence, and the Stokes vectors in human skin. Multifunctional images were obtained by processing of analytical interference fringe signals derived from two perpendicular polarization-detection channels. The blood flow velocity and standard deviation images were obtained by comparison of the phases from pairs of analytical signals in neighboring A-lines in the same polarization state. The analytical signals from two polarization-diversity detection channels were used to determine the four Stokes vectors for four reference polarization states. From the four Stokes vectors, the birefringence image, which is not sensitive to the orientation of the optical axis in the sample, was obtained. Multifunctional <i>in situ</i> images of a port wine stain birthmark in human skin are presented.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
(170.4500) Medical optics and biotechnology : Optical coherence tomography
Hongwu Ren, Zhihua Ding, Yonghua Zhao, Jianjun Miao, J. Stuart Nelson, and Zhongping Chen, "Phase-resolved functional optical coherence tomography: simultaneous imaging of in situ tissue structure, blood flow velocity, standard deviation, birefringence, and Stokes vectors in human skin," Opt. Lett. 27, 1702-1704 (2002)