OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 3 — Feb. 1, 2002
  • pp: 158–160

Photorefractive recording in LiNbO3:Mn

Yunping Yang, Karsten Buse, and Demetri Psaltis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 27, Issue 3, pp. 158-160 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (99 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The dynamic range, sensitivity, and dark decay of holographic recording of wavelength 458 nm in LiNbO3 crystals doped with 0.2-at. % Mn with different oxidation states have been measured. The measured sensitivity is 0.5 cm/J and is found to be independent of the oxidation state, and the largest M/# obtained is 12/mm (extraordinary light polarization; light wavelength, 458 nm). This combination of very large M/# and high sensitivity is in strong contrast with results for LiNbO3:Fe for which a direct trade-off exists between M/# and sensitivity. The activation energy of the dark decay of holograms stored in these LiNbO3:Mn crystals is ~1.0 eV , which is characteristic of proton compensation and leads to a projected lifetime of holograms of three years at room temperature.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(160.3730) Materials : Lithium niobate
(210.0210) Optical data storage : Optical data storage
(210.4810) Optical data storage : Optical storage-recording materials

Yunping Yang, Karsten Buse, and Demetri Psaltis, "Photorefractive recording in LiNbO3:Mn," Opt. Lett. 27, 158-160 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, New York, 2000).
  2. V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O'Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
  3. R. Müller, M. T. Santos, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 241 (1994).
  4. S. Breer, H. Vogt, I. Nee, and K. Buse, Electron. Lett. 34, 2419 (1998).
  5. K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
  6. F. Mok, G. Burr, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 21, 896 (1996).
  7. D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, Ferroelectrics 3, 107 (1972).
  8. A. Yariv and S. Orlov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2513 (1996).
  9. I. B. Barkan, A. V. Vorob'ev, and S. I. Marennikov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 492 (1979).
  10. I. Nee, M. Müller, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4282 (2000).
  11. Y. Yang, I. Nee, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4076 (2001).
  12. A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 584 (2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited