We propose a novel noniterative near-infrared diffusive image reconstruction method that uses minimal <i>a priori</i> co-registered ultrasound information. Small absorbing targets embedded in a homogeneous background are described approximately in terms of their monopole, dipole, and quadrupole moments. With an approximate estimation of the center locations of these absorbers from ultrasound images, we show in simulations that the reconstruction accuracy of the absorption coefficient exceeds 80% if the noise level is less than 0.2%. We also demonstrate experimentally that the accuracy can be improved by use of additional ultrasound volume information even for a noise level as high as 1.5%.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
(100.3190) Image processing : Inverse problems
(170.3010) Medical optics and biotechnology : Image reconstruction techniques
(170.3880) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical and biological imaging
(290.1990) Scattering : Diffusion
Nan Guang Chen and Quing Zhu, "Characterization of small absorbers inside turbid media," Opt. Lett. 27, 252-254 (2002)