OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 8 — Apr. 15, 2002
  • pp: 592–594

Time-division multiplexing of pump wavelengths to achieve ultrabroadband, flat, backward-pumped Raman gain

L. F. Mollenauer, A. R. Grant, and P. V. Mamyshev  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 27, Issue 8, pp. 592-594 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (71 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe a simple scheme, which we call the Raman smart pump, to allow for the achievement of flat gain over broad bands with backward-pumped Raman amplification. The proposed method, based on time-division multiplexing, also removes all interaction among the various pump wavelengths and allows for dynamic gain control through simple electronic means.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(060.4230) Fiber optics and optical communications : Multiplexing
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(140.5560) Lasers and laser optics : Pumping

L. F. Mollenauer, A. R. Grant, and P. V. Mamyshev, "Time-division multiplexing of pump wavelengths to achieve ultrabroadband, flat, backward-pumped Raman gain," Opt. Lett. 27, 592-594 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. A. Hasegawa, Appl. Opt. 23, 1095 (1984).
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
  3. L. F. Mollenauer and K. Smith, Opt. Lett. 13, 675 (1988).
  4. D. J. Dougherty, F. X. Kartner, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 20, 31 (1995).
  5. A. R. Grant has submitted a paper called “Calculating the Raman pump distribution to achieve minimum gain ripple,” to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.
  6. R. Garbuzov, R. Menna, A. Komissarov, M. Maiorov, V. Khalfin, A. Tsekoun, S. Todorov, and J. Connolly, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), paper PD-18.
  7. See, for example, I. Kim, R. C. Alferness, U. Koren, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. G. Young, M. D. Chien, T. L. Koch, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, and C. A. Burrus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2764 (1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited