A detailed theoretical and experimental study of the depth dependence of buried ion-exchanged waveguides on waveguide width is reported. Modeling, which includes the effect of nonhomogeneous time-dependent electric field distribution, agrees well with our experiments showing that burial depth increases linearly with waveguide width. These results may be used in the proper design of integrated optical circuits that need waveguides of different widths at different sections, such as arrayed waveguide gratings.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
P. Madasamy, B. R. West, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides:burial-depth dependence on waveguide width," Opt. Lett. 28, 1132-1134 (2003)