OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 28, Iss. 18 — Sep. 15, 2003
  • pp: 1683–1685

Highly efficient light emission at λ = 1.5 μm by a three-dimensional tungsten photonic crystal

S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. El-Kady  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 28, Issue 18, pp. 1683-1685 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1058 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



For what is believed to be the first time, a three-dimensional tungsten photonic crystal is demonstrated to emit light effectively at wavelength λ=1.5 μm . At a bias of V=7 V, the thermal emission exhibits a full width at half-maximum of Δλ=0.85 μm . Within this narrow band, the emitted optical power is 4.5 W and the electrical-to-optical conversion efficiency is ~22% per emitting surface. This unique emission is made possible by a large, absolute bandgap in the infrared λ and flat photonic dispersion near the band edges and in a narrow absorption band.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(250.0250) Optoelectronics : Optoelectronics
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics

S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. El-Kady, "Highly efficient light emission at λ = 1.5 μm by a three-dimensional tungsten photonic crystal," Opt. Lett. 28, 1683-1685 (2003)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Long Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1986).
  2. G. Bastard, Wave Mechanics Applied to Semiconductor Heterostructures (Halsted, New York, 1988).
  3. E. L. Dereniak and G. D. Boreman, Infrared Detectors and Systems, Wiley Series in Pure and Applied Optics (Wiley, New York, 1996), Chap. 2, pp. 56–68.
  4. J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, Nature 417, 52 (2002).
  5. S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, E. Chow, J. Bur, K. K. Choi, and A. Goldberg, Phys. Rev. B 62, R2243 (2000).
  6. C. M. Cornelius and J. P. Dowling, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4736 (1999).
  7. K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, C. M. Soukoulis, R. Biswas, and M. Sigalas, Solid State Commun. 89, 413 (1994).
  8. E. Ozbay, B. Temelkuran, M. M. Sigalas, G. Tuttle, C. M. Soulokous, and K. M. Ho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3797 (1996).
  9. S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, D. L. Hetherington, B. K. Smith, R. Biswas, K. M. Ho, M. M. Sigalas, W. Zubrzycki, S. R. Kurtz, and J. Bur, Nature 394, 252 (1998).
  10. J. G. Fleming and S. Y. Lin, Opt. Lett. 24, 49 (1999).
  11. Z. Li, I. El-Kady, K. M. Ho, S. Y. Lin, and J. G. Fleming, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 38 (2003).
  12. N. A. R. Bhat and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. E 64, 56604 (2001).
  13. S. John and T. Quang, Phys. Rev. A 50, 1764 (1994).
  14. M. A. Ordal, L. L. Long, R. J. Bell, S. E. Bell, R. R. Bell, R. W. Alexander, Jr., and C. A. Ward, Appl. Opt. 22, 1099 (1983).
  15. E. Merzbacher, Quantum Mechanics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1970), Chap. 18, Sect. 8.
  16. S.-Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. El-Kady, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 593 (2003).
  17. C. D. Nabors, J. Ochoa, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, H. K. Choi, and G. W. Turner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1603 (1995).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited