A simple optical interference method for fabricating two-dimensional square and trigonal lattices is demonstrated. A general formula for the interference contrast formed by two arbitrary polarized elliptical waves is deduced, the relation between wave vectors of incident light and the resultant pattern is analyzed, and polarization optimization of all beams to ensure uniform contrast is given.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
X. L. Yang, L. Z. Cai, Y. R. Wang, and Q. Liu, "Interference of four umbrellalike beams by a diffractive beam splitter for fabrication of two-dimensional square and trigonal lattices," Opt. Lett. 28, 453-455 (2003)