The localization of surface second-harmonic generation (S-SHG) enhancements from granular gold structures that exhibit local plasmon resonance was investigated. A two-photon microscopy technique was used to perform high spatial resolution S-SHG imaging. The magnitude and the spatial density of S-SHG enhancement confined in submicroscopic regions are strongly dependent on the morphology of the gold’s surface. Polarization measurements of local S-SHG responses reveal the local field anisotropy in enhancement regions and furthermore prove the incoherent and strongly depolarized nature of the emission, which is attributed to ultrafast fluctuations of the enhancement location in the focal volume.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
(160.3900) Materials : Metals
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(190.4350) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics at surfaces
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(300.6420) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, nonlinear
C. Anceau, S. Brasselet, J. Zyss, and P. Gadenne, "Local second-harmonic generation enhancement on gold nanostructures probed by two-photon microscopy," Opt. Lett. 28, 713-715 (2003)