We report on the photorefractive effect induced by a polarization grating in the presence of dc voltage in a dye-doped liquid-crystal (DDLC) film. The writing beams are two orthogonally (left- and right-circularly) polarized laser beams that create a spatially polarization-modulated interference field with constant intensity. The photorefractivity is ascribed to the absorption anisotropy of the azo dye. The unique dichroism of a DDLC cell causes a spatial variation in the absorption of light in response to a polarization-modulated interference field. Such a variation establishes a space-charge field in the presence of dc voltage, generating photorefractivity. Two-beam couplings were also verified and measured dynamically during the formation of the photorefractive grating in this study.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Jyun-Ruei Wang, Chia-Rong Lee, Mei-Ru Lee, and Andy Y.-G. Fuh, "Photorefractive effect induced by polarization gratings in dye-doped liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 29, 110-112 (2004)