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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 12 — Jun. 15, 2004
  • pp: 1363–1365

Nonlinear effects on the carrier-envelope phase

Peter M. Goorjian and Steven T. Cundiff  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 12, pp. 1363-1365 (2004)

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Calculations, using the Maxwell equations, are presented of nonlinear effects on the carrier-envelope phase for pulse durations in the two-optical-cycle range for pulses propagating in sapphire. Initially, with increasing pulse intensity the carrier-envelope phase increases monotonically. However, at higher intensities there is a turnabout in the direction of the phase change and a large change in the phase that is caused by a warping of the envelope from strong nonlinear effects. The Kerr nonlinear response occurs on a time scale of ~1fs and gives significantly different results from those obtained by assuming an instantaneous response.

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

Peter M. Goorjian and Steven T. Cundiff, "Nonlinear effects on the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29, 1363-1365 (2004)

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