Near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate (SLT) crystals were produced from congruent lithium tantalate by a vapor-transport equilibration process. Because of the resultant increase in photoconductivity and reduction in photogalvanism, the crystals showed no observable photorefractive damage at 514.5 nm up to the highest intensity used, 2 MW/cm2. The crystals also exhibited low green-induced infrared absorption, a Curie temperature of 693 °C, and a coercive field of 80 V/mm . The SLT samples were periodically poled with an 8-μm-period grating, permitting first-order quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation of 532-nm radiation at 43°C. A 17-mm-long sample generated 1.6 W of continuous-wave output power at 532 nm for 50 h. With 150-ns pulses at a 100-kHz repetition rate in the same sample, 5-W average-power, 532-nm radiation was generated for 1000 h. No damage to the crystal and no aging effects were observed during these experiments.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, "Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications," Opt. Lett. 29, 1775-1777 (2004)