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Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 29, Iss. 17 — Sep. 1, 2004
  • pp: 1971–1973

Coupling semiconductor lasers into single-mode optical fibers by use of tips grown by photopolymerization

Renaud Bachelot, Abdesslame Fares, Radouane Fikri, Dominique Barchiesi, Gilles Lerondel, and Pascal Royer  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 17, pp. 1971-1973 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.29.001971


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Abstract

We show that a polymer tip, integrated by free-radical photopolymerization at the end of a telecommunication optical fiber, allows high-efficiency coupling between the fiber and an infrared laser diode. A coupling efficiency of 70% (1.5-dB loss) was achieved. We obtained this result by controlling the radius of curvature of the tip, the origin of which is discussed in terms of the photochemical influence of oxygen during tip formation. The experimental data were found to be in agreement with results of electromagnetic calculations based on the finite-element method.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(130.1750) Integrated optics : Components
(160.2260) Materials : Ferroelectrics
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence

Citation
Renaud Bachelot, Abdesslame Fares, Radouane Fikri, Dominique Barchiesi, Gilles Lerondel, and Pascal Royer, "Coupling semiconductor lasers into single-mode optical fibers by use of tips grown by photopolymerization," Opt. Lett. 29, 1971-1973 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-17-1971


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References

  1. D. Kato, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2756 (1973).
  2. H. M. Presby, A. F. Benner, and C. A. Edwards, Appl. Opt. 29, 2692 (1990).
  3. G. Eisenstein and D. Vitello, Appl. Opt. 21, 3470 (1982).
  4. R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, D. Deloeil, P. Royer, and D. J. Lougnot, Appl. Opt. 40, 1560 (2001).
  5. C. Ecoffet, A. Espanet, and D. J. Lougnot, Adv. Mater. 10, 411 (1998).
  6. A. Espanet, C. Ecoffet, and D. J. Lougnot, J. Polym. Sci. Part A Polym. Chem. 3, 2075 (1999).
  7. M. Hocine, R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, N. Fressengeas, P. Royer, and G. Kugel, Synth. Met. 127, 313 (2002).
  8. J. Jin, The Finite Element Method in Electromagnetism (Wiley, New York, 1993).
  9. R. Fikri, D. Barchiesi, F. H'Dhili, R. Bachelot, A. Vial, and P. Royer, Opt. Commun. 221, 13 (2003).

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