Multimicrogratings are one-off written on silicate glass by two interfered femtosecond pulsed laser beams with the aid of a mask. The period and depth of the multimicrogratings are revealed by optical microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The depth is dependent on both the colliding angle between the two interfered laser beams and the laser pulse energy, but the period relies on the colliding angle only. We also observe a series of grooves formed at the middle of each bulge of the multimicrogratings and attribute it to the higher-order modulation arising from second-harmonic generation of the femtosecond laser pulse during the one-off writing processes.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Shiliang Qu, Chongjun Zhao, Quanzhong Zhao, Jianrong Qiu, Congshan Zhu, and K. Hirao, "One-off writing of multimicrogratings on glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2058-2060 (2004)