A three-dimensional (3D) polarimetric image sensing and display technique based on integral imaging is proposed. Three-dimensional polarization distribution of reflected light from a 3D object can be measured as elemental image arrays by a rotating linear polarizer. After the measurement of the polarization of the 3D object, the 3D polarimetric object can be reconstructed optically by displaying the polarization-selected elemental images in spatial light modulators with two quarter-wave plates. Experimental demonstration of 3D polarimetric imaging of a 3D object attached to two orthogonal linear polarizers is presented. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on 3D polarimetric sensing imaging and 3D optical reconstruction by integral imaging.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(070.4560) Fourier optics and signal processing : Data processing by optical means
(100.6890) Image processing : Three-dimensional image processing
(110.6880) Imaging systems : Three-dimensional image acquisition
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
Osamu Matoba and Bahram Javidi, "Three-dimensional polarimetric integral imaging," Opt. Lett. 29, 2375-2377 (2004)