We demonstrate a novel method for spectral analysis of microwave signals that employs time-domain processing in fiber. We use anomalous dispersion in single-mode fiber to perform a Fresnel transform followed by a matched amount of dispersion-compensating fiber to perform an inverse Fresnel transform of an ultrashort pulse. After the Fresnel-transformed waveform is modulated by the microwave signal, the waveform at the output of the dispersion-compensating fiber represents the ultrashort pulse convolved with the microwave spectrum. An experimental system for spectral analysis of microwave signals in the range 6–21 GHz is demonstrated.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Robert E. Saperstein, Dmitriy Panasenko, and Yeshaiahu Fainman, "Demonstration of a microwave spectrum analyzer based on time-domain optical processing in fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 501-503 (2004)