A gold ridge microstructure fabricated to a height of λ/8 on a high-reflectivity substrate behaves as a wave-front-splitting self-referencing interferometer in phase quadrature when illuminated by a Gaussian laser beam and observed in the far field along the optic axis. When immuno-gammaglobulin (IgG) antibodies are selectively immobilized on the gold microstructure, they recognize and bind to a specific antigen, which shifts the relative optical phase of the interferometer and modifies the far-field diffracted intensity. We detect bound antigen interferometrically on spinning disks at a sampling rate of 100 kHz and verify the interferometric nature of the signal by using two quadratures of opposite sign to rule out effects of dynamic light scattering. Strong molecular recognition is demonstrated by the absence of binding to nontarget molecules but strong signal change in response to a specific antigen. This BioCD has the potential to be applied as a spinning-disk interferometric immunoassay and biosensor.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors
(170.0170) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics and biotechnology
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices
M. M. Varma, D. D. Nolte, H. D. Inerowicz, and F. E. Regnier, "Spinning-disk self-referencing interferometry of antigen-antibody recognition," Opt. Lett. 29, 950-952 (2004)