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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 3, Iss. 4 — Oct. 1, 1978
  • pp: 141–143

Doppler-free two-photon transitions to Rydberg levels: convenient, useful, and precise reference wavelengths for dye lasers

S. A. Lee, J. Helmcke, J. L. Hall, and B. P. Stoicheff  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 4, pp. 141-143 (1978)

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We used a tunable cw dye laser to observe Doppler-free two-photon transitions to alkali-atom Rydberg levels. Real-time signals were obtained in an ionization cell of appropriate construction. The two-photon transition wavelengths to rubidium s levels were measured up to n = 50 with better than 1 × 10−7 absolute accuracy and can be represented to within the experimental precision by a simple function of the principal quantum number. Other related transitions and future possibilities are considered.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: June 19, 1978
Published: October 1, 1978

S. A. Lee, B. P. Stoicheff, J. Helmcke, and J. L. Hall, "Doppler-free two-photon transitions to Rydberg levels: convenient, useful, and precise reference wavelengths for dye lasers," Opt. Lett. 3, 141-143 (1978)

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  1. A summary of current techniques may be found in Laser Spectroscopy III, Vol. 7, J. L. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), pp. 410–426.
  2. J. D. Simmons, J. T. Hougen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. A 81A, 25 (1977).
  3. S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 64, 56 (1977); and personal communication. [CrossRef]
  4. J. M. Chartier, J. Helmcke, A. J. Wallard, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 450 (1976).
  5. K. C. Harvey, B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 537 (1977). [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Hall, J. C. Bergquist, S. A. Lee, in preparation.
  7. J. L. Hall, S. A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 367 (1976). [CrossRef]
  8. See, for example, M. J. Seaton, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 88, 815 (1966), and references therein. [CrossRef]
  9. Deletion of the P4/n*4 term increased the sum square error only about twofold, although slightly different values of the parameters Pi were produced. When Rydberg P and D levels are measured to corresponding accuracy, definitive values of ionization potential, quantum defects, and isotope shift may be deduced.
  10. P. R. Bolton, K. C. Harvey, B. P. Stoicheff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1418 (1977).
  11. C. Fabre, S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 15, 254 (1975). [CrossRef]
  12. A. J. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 23, 227 (1977). [CrossRef]
  13. Ye. V. Balkanov, V. P. Chebotayev, B. Ya. Dubetskii, Appl. Phys. 11, 201 (1976); M. M. Salour, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 757 (1977); J. C. Bergquist, S. A. Lee, J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 159 (1977). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Helmcke, S. A. Lee, J. L. Hall, to be published.
  15. P. Esherick, J. J. Wynne, J. A. Armstrong, Opt. Lett. 1, 19 (1977); Phys. Rev. A 15, 1920 (1977), and references therein. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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