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Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 30, Iss. 10 — May. 15, 2005
  • pp: 1183–1185

Input-output relations for a three-port grating coupled Fabry-Perot cavity

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 10, pp. 1183-1185 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.30.001183


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Abstract

We analyze an optical three-port reflection grating by means of a scattering matrix formalism. Amplitude and phase relations among the three ports, i.e., the three orders of diffraction, are derived. Such a grating can be used as an all-reflective, low-loss coupler to Fabry-Perot cavities. We derive the input-output relations of a three-port grating coupled cavity and find distinct properties that are not present in two-port coupled cavities. The cavity relations further reveal that the three-port coupler can be designed such that the additional cavity port interferes destructively. In this case the all-reflective, low-loss, single-end Fabry-Perot cavity becomes equivalent to a standard transmissive, two-port coupled cavity.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(230.1360) Optical devices : Beam splitters

Citation
A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, "Input-output relations for a three-port grating coupled Fabry-Perot cavity," Opt. Lett. 30, 1183-1185 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-30-10-1183


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References

  1. A. Bunkowksi, O. Burmeister, P. Beyersdorf, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, T. Clausnitzer, E.-B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 29, 2342 (2004).
  2. R. W. P. Drever, in Proceedings of the Seventh Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, M.Keiser and R.T.Jantzen, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), p. 1401.
  3. S. Rowan, R. Byer, M. Fejer, R. Route, G. Cagnoli, D. Crooks, J. Hough, P. Sneddon, W. Winkler, Proc. SPIE 4856, 292 (2003).
  4. K.-X. Sun and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 23, 567 (1997).
  5. A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Sausalito, Calif., 1986).

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