OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 30, Iss. 11 — Jun. 1, 2005
  • pp: 1327–1329

Complete single-photon counting and timing module in a microchip

Franco Zappa, Simone Tisa, Angelo Gulinatti, Andrea Gallivanoni, and Sergio Cova  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 11, pp. 1327-1329 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (443 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A complete module for single-photon counting and timing is demonstrated in a single chip. Features comparable with or better than commercially available macroscopic modules are obtained by integration of an active-quenching and active-reset circuit in complementary metal-oxide semiconductor technology together with a single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD). The integrated SPAD has a 12-µm-diameter sensitive area and operates with an overvoltage above breakdown adjustable up to 20 V. With a 5-V overvoltage the photon detection efficiency peaks above 40% around 500 nm, and the dark-counting rate is lower than 600 counts/s at room temperature. The overall counting dead time is 33 ns.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors
(040.6070) Detectors : Solid state detectors
(120.1880) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Detection
(130.0250) Integrated optics : Optoelectronics
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors
(130.6750) Integrated optics : Systems

Franco Zappa, Simone Tisa, Angelo Gulinatti, Andrea Gallivanoni, and Sergio Cova, "Complete single-photon counting and timing module in a microchip," Opt. Lett. 30, 1327-1329 (2005)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. S. Cova, M. Ghioni, A. Lacaita, C. Samori, and F. Zappa, Appl. Opt. 35, 1956 (1996).
  2. P. Antognetti, S. Cova, and A. Longoni, in The Proceedings of the Second Ispra Nuclear Electronics Symposium, Euratom Publication EUR 5370e (Euratom, 1975), pp. 453-456.
  3. S. Cova, A. Longoni, and A. Andreoni, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 408 (1981). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Dautet, P. Deschampes, B. Dion, A. D. MacGregor, D. MacSween, R. J. McIntyre, C. Trottier, and P. Webb, Appl. Opt. 32, 3894 (1993).
  5. "Single-Photon Counting Module, SPCM-AQR Series, Datasheet" (Perkin Elmer Optoelectronics, Vaudreuil, Quebec, Canada), http://opto.perkinelmer.com.
  6. A. Rochas, M. Gani, B. Furrer, P. A. Besse, R. S. Popovic, M. Ribordy, and N. Gisin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3263 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Rochas, P. A. Besse, and R. S. Popovic, Sens. Actuators A 110, 124 (2004).
  8. F. Zappa, S. Cova, and M. Ghioni, "Monolithic circuit of active quenching and active reset for avalanche photodiodes," U.S. patent 6,541,752 B2 (April 1,2003).
  9. F. Zappa, A. Lotito, A. C. Giudice, S. Cova, and M. Ghioni, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 38, 1298 (2003).
  10. M. Ghioni, S. Cova, A. Lacaita, and G. Ripamonti, Electron. Lett. 24, 1476 (1988).
  11. A. Lacaita, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova, Electron. Lett. 25, 841 (1989).
  12. W. J. Kindt and H. W. van Zeijl, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 715 (1998).
  13. S. Cova, A. Lacaita, and G. Ripamonti, IEEE Electron Device Lett. 12, 685 (1991). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited