Intrachannel pulse interactions are the dominating nonlinear effects in modern transmission systems with high modulation speeds. Scaled symmetries have proved to be effective in suppressing amplitude and timing jitter of mark pulses due to nonlinearity but not for ghost-pulse generation into the empty slots. A method of using midspan self-phase modulation to reverse the generation of ghost pulses due to intrachannel four-wave mixing is proposed. Computer simulations demonstrate significant improvement of signal quality by a combination of scaled symmetries and midspan self-phase modulation.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Haiqing Wei and David V. Plant, "Reversing intrachannel ghost-pulse generation by midspan self-phase modulation," Opt. Lett. 30, 2366-2368 (2005)