We present a quantitative experimental and theoretical study of the effect of numerical aperture (NA) on the Bragg diffraction from a dry polystyrene colloidal crystal. The diffraction peak parameters changed noticeably as the NA was increased from 0.017 to 0.5. The diffraction wavelength blueshifted 1.4% from 584 to 576 nm, and the normalized full width at half-maximum increased from 6.2% to 7.0%. These shifts occurred primarily for NA > 0.3 and agreed qualitatively with results predicted by a layered Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker method. Thus, by using focusing optics with NAs below 0.3, the diffraction response of low-photonic-strength mesostructures may be compared with normal-incidence experimental and theoretical data.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Yun-Ju Lee, Stephanie A. Pruzinsky, and Paul V. Braun, "Diffraction response of colloidal crystals: effect of numerical aperture," Opt. Lett. 30, 153-155 (2005)