A new method of fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by twisting of a standard single-mode fiber at high temperature is presented. The method relies on the fact that there always exists some core-cladding eccentricity in the optical fiber. Therefore, when the fiber is twisted, its core follows a helicoidal path inside the cladding. The transmission spectrum of the helicoidal long-period fiber grating that is produced contains several dips that correspond to resonances with the fiber cladding modes.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
Oleg V. Ivanov, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by twisting a standard single-mode fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 3290-3292 (2005)