A polarization-independent optical directional coupler based on slot waveguides is proposed and analyzed by using rigorous full-vectorial analysis methods based on a finite-element scheme. Properly choosing materials and structural parameters makes the coupling length for quasi-TE modes become equal to that for quasi-TM modes. Tolerances to operating wavelength and structural parameters are also discussed. The proposed coupler can be used for highly integrated optical circuits without polarization diversity schemes.
© 2006 Optical Society of America
Takeshi Fujisawa and Masanori Koshiba, "Polarization-independent optical directional coupler based on slot waveguides," Opt. Lett. 31, 56-58 (2006)