The group index dispersion and birefringence of guided modes supported by straight photonic crystal (PhC) waveguides are theoretically and experimentally investigated as a function of the waveguide width within various reduced frequency domains. Within the photonic gap and far from the Brillouin zone edges, strongly confined modes supported by narrow PhC guides exhibit both a group index and a birefringence larger than those of a deep ridge. These two results evidence the contribution of the photonic gap to the guiding mechanism in the refractivelike domain.
© 2006 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 18, 2006
Revised Manuscript: March 29, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 18, 2006
Ladislav Prkna, Anne Talneau, Mikael Mulot, Audrey Berrier, and Srinivasan Anand, "Evidence of the photonic gap contribution to the guiding mechanism for strongly confined modes in the refractivelike domain," Opt. Lett. 31, 2139-2141 (2006)