We present the design of a transflective and low-power LCD using a low-twist vertically aligned liquid crystal (LC) cell, achieved by blending a chiral additive with a patterned reflector in a single-domain configuration. Unlike the conventional single-domain transflective LCD, in which it is possible to optimize only one of the transmissive and reflective regions, the device suggests that it is possible to optimize both the transmission and reflection design to obtain favorable results in both reflective and transmissive light conditions by optimizing the chiral pitch and twist angle. From the parameter space diagram (PSD) method, which does not include the information on chiral pitch and the nonuniform LC director tilt angle, optimization focused on the transmissive region is performed. By analyzing the relation between the transmittance and the chiral pitch under the applied voltage, the optimized twist angle and chiral pitch are proposed. It is described that the optimized twist angle is also available for the reflective region by the dynamic PSD method by considering the average tilt angle under applied voltage.
© 2006 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: February 23, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 24, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 26, 2006
Seo Hern Lee, Tae-Hoon Yoon, and Jae Chang Kim, "Transflective liquid-crystal display using low-twisted vertically aligned mode," Opt. Lett. 31, 2196-2198 (2006)