A rigorous explanation of a phenomenon that produces significant distortions in the three-dimensional images produced by integral imaging systems is provided. The phenomenon, which we refer to as the facet-braiding effect, has been recognized in some previous publications, but to our knowledge its nature has never been analyzed. We propose a technique for attenuating the facet-braiding effect. We have conducted experiments to illustrate the consequences of the facet-braiding effect on three-dimensional integral images, and we show the usefulness of the proposed technique in eliminating this effect.
© 2007 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 22, 2006
Revised Manuscript: February 1, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: February 8, 2007
Published: April 3, 2007
R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, A. Pons, B. Javidi, and M. Martínez-Corral, "Facet braiding: a fundamental problem in integral imaging," Opt. Lett. 32, 1078-1080 (2007)