Reflection and refraction of spatial solitons at dielectric interfaces, accommodating arbitrarily angles of incidence, is studied. Analysis is based on Helmholtz soliton theory, which eliminates the angular restriction associated with the paraxial approximation. A novel generalization of Snell’s law is discovered that is valid for collimated light beams and the entire angular domain. Our new theoretical predictions are shown to be in excellent agreement with full numerical simulations. New qualitative features of soliton refraction and limitations of previous paraxial analyses are highlighted.
© 2007 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: October 24, 2006
Revised Manuscript: December 19, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: January 17, 2007
Published: April 3, 2007
J. Sánchez-Curto, P. Chamorro-Posada, and G. S. McDonald, "Helmholtz solitons at nonlinear interfaces," Opt. Lett. 32, 1126-1128 (2007)