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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 33, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 2008
  • pp: 1890–1892

Droplet deformation and alignment for high-efficiency polarization-dependent holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal reflection gratings

V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, P. F. Lloyd, and T. J. Bunning  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 16, pp. 1890-1892 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.33.001890


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Abstract

Droplet deformation and alignment are achieved in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal reflection gratings by applying an in situ shear during recording. High diffraction efficiency (99%) is obtained for light polarized parallel to the shear, with nearly zero efficiency for perpendicular polarization, and no increase of incoherent scattering. Permanent polarization dependence is related to stress-induced morphology changes of liquid-crystal droplets that are frozen by polymerization. The system is studied by electron microscopy and modeled by anisotropic coupled-wave and scattering theory. The morphology is consistent with the theory of small deformations of liquid droplets in fluid flow. Diffraction efficiency measurements are in agreement with theory incorporating this morphology as well as concomitant orientation and alignment of liquid-crystal molecules.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals
(230.1950) Optical devices : Diffraction gratings
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices
(090.2645) Holography : Stratified volume holograms

ToC Category:
Holography

History
Original Manuscript: June 10, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: July 4, 2008
Published: August 12, 2008

Citation
V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, P. F. Lloyd, and T. J. Bunning, "Droplet deformation and alignment for high-efficiency polarization-dependent holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal reflection gratings," Opt. Lett. 33, 1890-1892 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-33-16-1890


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References

  1. L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. S. A. Holmstrom, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1949 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Date, Y. Takeuchi, K. Tanaka, and K. Kato, IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 1685 (1998).
  4. R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, P. F. Lloyd, and T. J. Bunning, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 123104 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. See, for example, H. A. Stone, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 26, 65 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. G. I. Taylor, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 146, 501 (1934). [CrossRef]
  7. F. D. Rumscheidt and S. G. Mason, J. Colloid Sci. 16, 238 (1961). [CrossRef]
  8. R. L. Sutherland, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2995 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. S. T. Wu, College of Optics & Photonics, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida, 32816 (private communication, 2008).

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