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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 33, Iss. 18 — Sep. 15, 2008
  • pp: 2056–2058

Higher-band gap soliton formation in defocusing photonic lattices

Detlef Kip, Christian E. Rüter, Rong Dong, Zhe Wang, and Jingjun Xu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 18, pp. 2056-2058 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.33.002056


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Abstract

We report on the experimental observation of higher-band gap solitons in a one-dimensional photonic lattice possessing a defocusing saturable nonlinearity. Pure Floquet–Bloch modes of the first three bands are excited using a prism-coupler setup, and spatial gap solitons of different width are formed, the latter property being related to the increasing anomalous diffraction in the three bands and the fixed value of the nonlinearity in our lithium niobate sample.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.3100) Nonlinear optics : Instabilities and chaos
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 29, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 4, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 6, 2008
Published: September 8, 2008

Citation
Detlef Kip, Christian E. Rüter, Rong Dong, Zhe Wang, and Jingjun Xu, "Higher-band gap soliton formation in defocusing photonic lattices," Opt. Lett. 33, 2056-2058 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-33-18-2056


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  19. The spatial frequency spectrum of a gap soliton (and the minimum possible width of the soliton) is limited by the size of the respective gap. However, because in our case all gaps (measured in units of effective index) are large compared with the nonlinearity, minimum soliton width is still limited by the maximum nonlinearity of our LiNbO3:Fe sample (~4×10−4).

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