OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 33, Iss. 19 — Oct. 1, 2008
  • pp: 2269–2271

Far-field detection of the dipole vortex

Xin Li, Jie Shu, and Henk F. Arnoldus  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 19, pp. 2269-2271 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (256 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The energy flow lines (field lines of the Poynting vector) of electric dipole radiation exhibit a vortex structure in the near field when the dipole moment of the source is in circular rotation. The spatial extend of this vortex is smaller than a wavelength and may not be observable by a measurement in the near field. We show that the rotation of the field lines close to the source affects the image of the dipole in the far field, and this opens the possibility for observation of this vortex by a measurement in the far field.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics
(260.2160) Physical optics : Energy transfer
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(080.4865) Geometric optics : Optical vortices

ToC Category:
Other Areas of Optics

Original Manuscript: July 16, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 29, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 30, 2008
Published: September 30, 2008

Xin Li, Jie Shu, and Henk F. Arnoldus, "Far-field detection of the dipole vortex," Opt. Lett. 33, 2269-2271 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, 1980), Chap. 3.
  2. H. F. Schouten, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 173901 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. I. V. Lindell, Methods for Electromagnetic Field Analysis (Oxford U. Press, 1992), Section 1.4.
  4. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 1999), p. 411.
  5. H. F. Arnoldus, and J. T. Foley, Opt. Commun. 231, 115 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. H. F. Arnoldus, X. Li, and J. Shu, Opt. Lett. 33, 1446 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Shu, X. Li, and H. F. Arnoldus, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2457 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited