OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 33, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2008
  • pp: 947–949

Utilization of carbon nanofibers for airborne ultrasonic acoustic field detection using heterodyne interferometry

T. Koukoulas, P. D. Theobald, B. Zeqiri, I. Y. Bu, and W. I. Milne  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 9, pp. 947-949 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (349 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Carbon nanofibers and nanotubes are currently being utilized as active elements in acoustic sensors for emerging microelectromechanical systems and nanoelectromechanical systems technologies. A methodology for measuring the displacement of carbon nanofibers in combination with heterodyne interferometry is reported here. Experimental results show that ultrasonic field detection is possible using this technique, and results are presented for measurements in the ultrasonic frequency range. This approach could potentially lead to new calibration methods for ultrasonic sensors. A different approach to that of interferometry is also reported for future investigation.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(280.3340) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser Doppler velocimetry
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: November 27, 2007
Revised Manuscript: March 4, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: March 18, 2008
Published: April 25, 2008

T. Koukoulas, P. D. Theobald, B. Zeqiri, I. Y. Bu, and W. I. Milne, "Utilization of carbon nanofibers for airborne ultrasonic acoustic field detection using heterodyne interferometry," Opt. Lett. 33, 947-949 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. Dai, Surf. Sci. 500, 218 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O'Brien, R. F. Curl, and R. E. Smalley, Nature 318, 162 (1985). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Iijima, Nature 354, 56 (1991). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, Nature 363, 603 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. J.-P. Salvetat, J.-M. Bonard, N. H. Thomson, A. J. Kulik, L. Forro, W. Benoit, and L. Zuppiroli, Appl. Phys. A 69, 255 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Qi, K. B. Teo, K. K. S. Lau, M. C. Boyce, W. I. Milne, J. Robertson, and K. K. Gleason, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 51, 2213 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Noca, M. Hoenk, and B. Hunt, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108, 2494 (2000).
  8. P. G. Collins, M. S. Furher, and A. Zetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 894 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. K. B. K. Teo, S.-B. Lee, M. Chhowalla, V. Semet, V. T. Binh, O. Groening, M. Castignolles, A. Loiseau, G. Pirio, P. Legagneux, D. Pribat, D. G. Hasko, H. Ahmed, G. A. J. Amaratunga, and W. I. Milne, Nanotechnology 14, 204 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. W. Lee and C.-S. Chiu, Opt. Lett. 26, 521 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, Appl. Phys. B 88, 101 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited